Neuro-Ophthalmology

Thyroid Eye Disease



In this autoimmune condition, a body’s immune system produces factors that stimulate enlargement of the muscles that move the eyes.

Symptoms

This condition can result in bulging of the eyes, retraction of the lids, double vision, decreased vision and eye irritation.

Causes

Often this disease is associated with abnormalities in thyroid gland function although these symptoms may be present even if the thyroid has no apparent problems.

Treatment Options

Like other autoimmune diseases, thyroid eye disease often comes and goes on its own. Sometimes there is only one episode although the effects may persist for years. In mild cases, treatment using artificial tears and lubricating ointment, improves the symptoms of eye irritation and foreign body sensation. If the eyelids are not closing completely, they may be taped closed at night; double vision may be corrected with prisms.

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