Neuro-Ophthalmology

Pseudotumor Cerebri



Pseudotumor cerebri is a condition in which high pressure inside the head causes loss of vision and headache.

Symptoms

Typically there are problems with visual loss and a steady or pounding headache, frequently at the back of the neck. The pain may worsen with bending or stooping. Patients may also be aware of a rushing noise in their ears. Nausea and vomiting sometimes occur.

Treatment Options

By dilating the pupil, the physician looks for optic nerve swelling in the back of the eye. Then, because many conditions may produce similar signs and symptoms, a normal MRI scan and/or spinal tap may be used to diagnose the pseudotumor.

Many patients with pseudotumors do not require treatment. However, if headaches and vision loss are significant, treatment may include weight-loss, medication or surgical intervention.

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