Plastic Surgery

Thyroid Eye Disease

Thyroid eye disease or thyroid-related orbitopathy is an autoimmune condition that can lead to significant changes in the appearance and function of the eyes and eyelids.


This condition can result in protrusion of the eye (exophthalmos or proptosis), impaired lid closure (lagophthalmos), double vision and eyelid retraction (eyelid appears “wide” open). In severe cases, optic neuropathy or corneal damage may develop due to the progression of the disease.

The natural course of the disease typically becomes stable after one year. It is important to determine if any ocular damage or optic nerve damage is likely to occur during the process.

Treatment Options

There are various treatment options available for different eyelid problems associated with thyroid eye disease depending on the severity of the disease and patient symptoms. The correction of the eyelid retraction and proptosis can be discussed with Dr. Pak during the evaluation process. It is vital to discontinue smoking as this will increase one’s chances of developing eye changes related to thyroid eye disease.

Additional Information

For more information about Graves’ thyroid eye disease, visit:

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